Here’s the problem with what you’re saying: you’re freaked out that problems can happen with a home birth (not once did I say they DIDN’T happen), but you’re completely ignoring the fact that babies and mothers DO die in hospital settings or are severely injured while in labor and afterwards–and it happens frequently. Sometimes, it’s because there’s nothing anybody can do (which also happens in a home setting), and sometimes it happens due to neglect (also in a home setting). Besides my own 3 mismanaged births in a hospital, I have a friend who’s was mismanaged and almost died from an unneeded, botched c-section. It happens a LOT. In fact, 12% will die in a hospital setting, and 32% will have a c-section (WAY too high). Besides that, I can give you a whole slue of examples of botched hospital births. I had a friend who delivered breech in the hospital and the doctor tried to PULL the baby out, snapped the neck just enough to break it, and that baby is a quadriplegic with brain damage to boot. Not kidding. I had a friend who nearly lost her baby due to diseases that the baby caught IN THE HOSPITAL. Does that mean that all hospital births are dangerous, or that all OBs are bad? No, of course not. It is a person that is blinded by fear and fear alone that believes at all home births (or hospital births) and all midwives (or OBS) are dangerous.
In the course of this enquiry I found that much more had been done than I had been aware of, when I first published the Essay. The poverty and misery arising from a too rapid increase of population had been distinctly seen, and the most violent remedies proposed, so long ago as the times of Plato and Aristotle. And of late years the subject has been treated in such a manner by some of the French Economists; occasionally by Montesquieu, and, among our own writers, by Dr. Franklin, Sir James Stewart, Mr. Arthur Young, and Mr. Townsend, as to create a natural surprise that it had not excited more of the public attention.
Water pollution by organic wastes is measured in terms of bio-chemical oxygen demand (BOD). BOD is defined as the amount of oxygen required by microorganisms to stabilize decomposable organic matter in waste under aerobic condition. It is oxygen required in milligrams for five days to metabolise waste present in one litre of water at 20°C. A weak organic waste will have BOD below 1500 mg/litre, medium between 1500—1400 mg/litre while a strong waste above it. Since BOD is limited to organic wastes, it is not a reliable method of measuring water pollution. Another slightly better mode is COD or chemical oxygen demand. It measures all oxygen consuming pollutant materials present in water.