Let's review. In the 1750's, English and French colonies were both expanding into the land west of the Appalachian Mountains, known as the Ohio Territory. When the French attacked a series of trading posts and then built a new fort in western Pennsylvania, the British government finally took action, sending George Washington to request that the French clear out. They refused. Unable to capture the French fort, Washington built his own, which the French army swiftly overtook. The French army and their Indian allies dominated the battlefields of the French and Indian War for three years until a change in British leadership, paired with an outbreak of smallpox among the Indians, gave the English the upper hand.
In the Italo-Turkish War or Turco-Italian War Italy defeated the Ottoman Empire in North Africa in 1911-12.  Italy easily captured the important coastal cities but its army failed to advance far into the interior. Italy captured the Ottoman Tripolitania Vilayet (province), of which the most notable sub-provinces (sanjaks) were Fezzan , Cyrenaica , and Tripoli itself. These territories together formed what became known as Italian Libya . The main significance for the First World War was that this war made it clear that no Great Power appeared to wish to support the Ottoman Empire any longer and this paved the way for the Balkan Wars . Christopher Clark stated: "Italy launched a war of conquest on an African province of the Ottoman Empire, triggering a chain of opportunistic assaults on Ottoman territories across the Balkans. The system of geographical balances that had enabled local conflicts to be contained was swept away."